THIS is the history of the division of the days of the law and of the
testimony, of the events of the years, of their (year) weeks, of their
Jubilees throughout all the years of the world, as the Lord spoke to Moses
on Mount Sinai… (Jub., 1)
Pentateuch of Moses (Thora), given by Lord to Moses on Mount Sinai, describes
the events of mankind spiritual history from the days of Creation to the
day of Last Judgment for "all the years of the world". The truth
given by Lord to Moses is eternal and if people reject the Teaching, it
will always show up in evidence, i.e. in natural or social events proving
the righteousness or errors of the ways selected by a man, a nation or
Moses' Pentateuch is the result of Holy Revelation and it was the fundament
of the leading world religions. It was regarded as Law for thousands of
years prescribing the order of Hebrew people and then it became the basis
of Christianity and had impact on Islam. It was interpreted and studied
by many people and scholars. We will name the previous interpretations
of Moses' Pentateuch as the first interpretation, as only a part of truth
was revealed to people on wish of the Lord Almighty, while the rest was
hidden till due time, as it was written:
The secret things belong unto the Lord our God: but those things
which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we
may do all the words of this law. (Deut., 29, 29)
It was said by Moses in his last words prior to his death as he was leaving
the people of Israel at the Jordan river. More than three thousand years
passed by and the Lord on His wish is revealing the next stage of spiritual
stairway giving a chance to accept it and to climb up.
This interpretation is the next but not the last move towards the learning
of the Road, Truth and Life given to people in the Scripture.
The Pentateuch of Moses is the FIRST TESTAMENT, given by the Lord to mankind
through Hebrew people. And the whole history of mankind starting from
Abraham and the history of the Hebrew people, narrated in the Pentateuch
is aimed to keep the truth given by the Lord about spiritual road of mankind
from the Creation of the World till the renovation. The truth about spiritual
road of mankind is vested in historical and spiritual bounds of creation
and making of the Hebrew people. To avoid any confusion it should be noted
that the word history in the second interpretation will be used in two
meanings: spiritual history, i.e. the history of relations of man, people
and mankind with the Lord, and natural history, i.e. the history of life
and interrelations of peoples – the proper history.
The Pentateuch of Moses is declaring the spiritual history of mankind:
the past, the present and the future. This declaration is the FIRST TESTAMENT
in time, when it was revealed to people as it comprises the spiritual
history of mankind in full and, at last, it includes the promise of the
Lord to save those loyal to the Lord. The Pentateuch of Moses describes
only one move of the wheel made by the spiritual history of mankind –
the Banishment from the spiritual level of Adam and the way of the Return
to the same level. It's obvious that mankind will not cease to exist,
the life will only begin with the fulfillment of the destination the Lord
envisaged in creating the mankind.
The natural history is the transformation of man and surrounding world,
people and mankind, their relations in time. It's clear that spiritual
and natural history represent the integral whole not to be divided into
parts. The closest spiritual relations of man and the Lord took place
immediately after the man was created and then banished him out, i.e.
it was the spiritual motion of man (the road from the Lord), and it coincided
with the direction of historical motion – from the past to the future.
After the exodus from Egypt and entering into Covenant the direction of
spiritual motion of Israeli people (the road to the Lord) was reverse
if compared to historical development. The spiritual motion was aimed
from the future into the past.
Whatever a man does, if he's striving to come close to the Lord he should
face the Lord, it's one of the basic concepts to comprehend the Holy Scripture.
There is no abyss between the Lord and a man. The Lord gives the way of
Return, which was for the first time revealed to Jacob in the shape of
a stairway. The transformation of man in accordance with the proclaimed
spiritual concepts is the main goal of relations with the Lord in any
religion. These concepts were in full unveiled by the Lord to Israeli
people on Sinai mount and they were revealed further by Jesus Christ.
The fulfillment of those concepts was aimed to bring the Israeli people
from heathenism to stance of people chosen by the God, the kingdom of
ministers for the whole mankind. The mission of Israeli people was to
accept, retain and proclaim the Way of the Return to the whole mankind.