Revelation - 2000
The third book of Moses: Levitikus
The concept of offering goes back
to most ancient times, it represented the intuitive imagination of man
reflecting spiritual and material unity of the world. The Lord gave the
laws stipulating offering procedure at mount Sinai. Those laws were given
to Israeli people and the goal was to transform Israeli people into Holy
People, the kingdom of priests. But these laws had and will have meaning
for each person and each people trying to get close to God, and each priest
leading his people to God. But the meaning is different: the offering
concept was given to ancient people of Israel, but today each man has
to create self control and desire to purify his soul. The offering of
each man is the way aimed to overcome the animal nature of man and to
provide spiritual growth. Comprehension of sin, the need for repentance
and purification make the basis for the concept of offering. If a man
is looking for redemption of sins he accepts his sins and gives promise
to avoid sins in future, he tries to suppress the animal nature not to
allow it to gain power over him. Offering was used to solve these tasks
in Judaism. The search for Holy Spirit and Truth represent the goal of
spiritual improvement of man on his way to God, the man has to comprehend
his responsibility for spiritual position of his people and all mankind.
On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the
elders of Israel. He said to Aaron, "Take a bull calf for your sin
offering and a ram for your burnt offering, both without defect, and present
them before the LORD. Then say to the Israelites: 'Take a male goat for
a sin offering, a calf and a lamb-both a year old and without defect-for
a burnt offering, and an ox and a ram for a fellowship offering to sacrifice
before the LORD, together with a grain offering mixed with oil. For today
the LORD will appear to you.' "
Moses and Aaron then went into the Tent of Meeting. When they
came out, they blessed the people; and the glory of the LORD appeared
to all the people. Fire came out from the presence of the LORD and consumed
the burnt offering and the fat portions on the altar. And when all the
people saw it, they shouted for joy and fell facedown.
Aaron and his sons were consecrated and accepted for service to the Lord. The Tabernacle and all the altars were consecrated as well as all items in it and all the offerings were sacrificed for the people of Israel.
Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu took their censers, put fire in
them and added incense; and they offered unauthorized fire before the
LORD, contrary to his command. So fire came out from the presence of the
LORD and consumed them, and they died before the LORD.
The Day of Atonement
The people of Israel is forbidden to eat and to work on the tenth day of the seventh month.
…because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse
you. Then, before the LORD, you will be clean from all your sins. It is
a Sabbath of rest, and you must deny yourselves; it is a lasting ordinance.
The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high
priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments
and make atonement for the Most Holy Place, for the Tent of Meeting and
the altar, and for the priests and all the people of the community. This
is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year
for all the sins of the Israelites.
"This is how Aaron is to enter the sanctuary area: with
a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. He is
to put on the sacred linen tunic, with linen undergarments next to his
body; he is to tie the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban.
These are sacred garments; so he must bathe himself with water before
he puts them on.
The priest wearing the priestly garments (breastpiece, ephod etc) –
which stress his service to God – can come not closer than the Holy Place.
As the priest stands before the Lord in the Most Holy Place he is represented
not by his outer clothing, though his spiritual stance and spiritual position
of his people.
Then he is to take the two goats and present them before the
LORD at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. He is to cast lots for the
two goats-one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat. Aaron
shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the LORD and sacrifice it for
a sin offering. But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented
alive before the LORD to be used for making atonement by sending it into
the desert as a scapegoat.
Aaron brought bull for sin offering for himself and his family. Then he took a censer full of burning coals from the altar and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and brought it to the Most Holy Place. There Aaron had to put the incense on the fire before the Lord.
He is to put the incense on the fire before the LORD, and the
smoke of the incense will conceal the atonement cover above the Testimony,
so that he will not die. He is to take some of the bull's blood and with
his finger sprinkle it on the front of the atonement cover; then he shall
sprinkle some of it with his finger seven times before the atonement cover.
When Aaron has finished making atonement for the Most Holy Place,
the Tent of Meeting and the altar, he shall bring forward the live goat.
He is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over
it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites-all their sins-and
put them on the goat's head. He shall send the goat away into the desert
in the care of a man appointed for the task. The goat will carry on itself
all their sins to a solitary place; and the man shall release it in the
Later Aaron took off the linen garments and left them in the Tent of Meeting. He washed his body with water in Holy Place, put other garments and made burnt offering for himself and the burnt offering for the people.
This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: On the tenth day
of the seventh month you must deny yourselves and not do any work-whether
native-born or an alien living among you - because on this day atonement
will be made for you, to cleanse you. Then, before the LORD, you will
be clean from all your sins. It is a Sabbath of rest, and you must deny
yourselves; it is a lasting ordinance.
"Keep my commands and follow them. I am the LORD. Do not
profane my holy name. I must be acknowledged as holy by the Israelites.
I am the LORD, who makes you holy and who brought you out of Egypt to
be your God. I am the LORD."
LAWS ABOUT FEASTS
The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and say to them:
'These are my appointed feasts, the appointed feasts of the LORD,
which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies. " 'There are six
days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a day
of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it
is a Sabbath to the LORD.
The Lord set up the command to make Jubilee, the Lord commanded how the
people had to use land. Each fiftieth year is the Jubilee year. All people
have to be set free in this year, those who live in foreign land and they
will have to return to land of their ancestors as the land was distributed
among people. This year as the forty nineth year should be the years for
rest of land: people should not sow or reap whatever is growing on land.
This is the year for everyone to return to his property. The Lord gives
such a rich harvest on the forty eighth year that it's quite sufficient
for three years.
If you are trying to follow the commandments, laws and decrees given by the Lord, if you are trying to follow the way, which leads to the Lord, the Lord will be with you.
" 'If you follow my decrees and are careful to obey my
commands, I will send you rain in its season, and the ground will yield
its crops and the trees of the field their fruit. Your threshing will
continue until grape harvest and the grape harvest will continue until
planting, and you will eat all the food you want and live in safety in
Punishment for Disobedience
" 'But if you will not listen to me and carry out all these
commands, and if you reject my decrees and abhor my laws and fail to carry
out all my commands and so violate my covenant, then I will do this to
you: I will bring upon you sudden terror…"
The labor of people on earth will be in vain: the nature on wish of the Lord will be opposing the efforts of man. Famine, diseases and enemies will destroy those who will disobeyed. The Lord will turn away scattering the people among other peoples destroying their land. The cities will be destroyed and people will be banished from their homes.
…So you will not be able to stand before your enemies. You will
perish among the nations; the land of your enemies will devour you. Those
of you who are left will waste away in the lands of their enemies because
of their sins; also because of their fathers' sins they will waste away.
" 'But if they will confess their sins and the sins of
their fathers-their treachery against me and their hostility toward me,
which made me hostile toward them so that I sent them into the land of
their enemies-then when their uncircumcised hearts are humbled and they
pay for their sin, I will remember my covenant with Jacob and my covenant
with Isaac and my covenant with Abraham, and I will remember the land.
The Lord is merciful, the Lord retains the way for repentance. As people
confess their sins, they will repent and turn to the Lord for help. The
Lord will remember His covenant and will listen to them and the Return
to God will start from the covenant with Jacob.
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