Revelation - 2000
The fourth book of Moses: Numbers
The Lord commanded Moses to make census of the whole Israeli community of all men in all on the first day of the second month of the second year after the Israelites came out of Egypt. Moses had to number all the men in Israel twenty years old or more who were able to serve in the army. We may propose the direct counting of Israeli people could have impact upon spiritual conditions of the people. To avoid it the numbering procedure was carried out in the following way: the census was made on the basis of money paid by each man for the temple. As the tribe of Joseph on wish of Israel was represented by tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the total number of tribes was thirteen and the Lord took the tribe of Levi giving them to Aaron for service in Tent of Meeting. The tribe of Levi was called for the service to God as the firstborn of Israelites who were saved by the Lord in Egypt committed the sin making the golden calf. The Levi tribe had to service at the Tent of Meeting, to bear the Tabernacle as the people were moving from place to place, to assemble, dismantle and guard the Tabernacle. As the people of Israel had to fight against heathens the Lord commanded to divide the people into divisions, families and tribes and Moses set up the order for disposition when the people was moving from place to place.
The LORD also said to Moses, "I have taken the Levites
from among the Israelites in place of the first male offspring of every
Israelite woman. The Levites are mine, for all the firstborn are mine.
When I struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, I set apart for myself
every firstborn in Israel, whether man or animal. They are to be mine.
I am the LORD."
The Lord commanded Moses to number all the men and boys aged one month and older in the tribe of Levi. The Levites counted twenty two thousands.
The LORD said to Moses, "Count all the firstborn Israelite
males who are a month old or more and make a list of their names. Take
the Levites for me in place of all the firstborn of the Israelites, and
the livestock of the Levites in place of all the firstborn of the livestock
of the Israelites. I am the LORD."
As Moses fulfilled the commands of the Lord and numbered all the firstborn of Israel a month old and more, he wrote down 22273 names.
So Moses collected the redemption money from those who exceeded
the number redeemed by the Levites. From the firstborn of the Israelites
he collected silver weighing 1,365 shekels, according to the sanctuary
shekel. Moses gave the redemption money to Aaron and his sons, as he was
commanded by the word of the LORD.
We noted already that discussing the possibilities for redemption of man and people and as we discussed the procedure of offering we are to conclude that there are various categories of men, people and mankind in their relation to God. When the firstborn of Egypt were killed and the firstborn of Israel were saved those peoples were regarded as single communities (people as a personality), but those were not the communities of individuals. The Lord took all the firstborn of one people (as one firstborn son) for the perished firstborn son of other people. We may assume that the punishment of one people (the killing of firstborn of Egyptians) and glorifying the other (the firstborn of Israel belonged to the Lord) should not have modified the spiritual positions of both peoples. As the firstborn of Israel were exchanged for Levites (inside one people) the exchange should be equal: one man for another man. It should be noted that this time the cost of one human life was mentioned: it was equal to the redemption money paid for a child consecrated to the Lord it was five silver shekels.
The LORD said to Moses: "Take the Levites from among the
other Israelites and make them ceremonially clean. To purify them, do
this: Sprinkle the water of cleansing on them; then have them shave their
whole bodies and wash their clothes, and so purify themselves.
Sprinkling water which contained the ahs of brown cow cleaned man of external impurities. Consecration of Levites was made before the whole people and the whole Israeli people participated in the consecration procedure as Levites replaced the firstborn of the whole Israeli people.
Bring the Levites to the front of the Tent of Meeting and assemble
the whole Israelite community. You are to bring the Levites before the
LORD, and the Israelites are to lay their hands on them.
The people of Israel put hands on the heads of the Levites like on offerings to the Lord transferring all the sins of Israeli people to the Levites. It's the great privilege to bear the sins of one's own people and to purify the people, at least for some time. Then the Levites put their hands on the heads of bulls, one bull was the sin offering and the other bull was the burnt offering to the Lord. The Levites were purified by these offerings. As they did it they were consecrated to the Lord:
Have the Levites stand in front of Aaron and his sons and then
present them as a wave offering to the LORD. In this way you are to set
the Levites apart from the other Israelites, and the Levites will be mine.
All the families of the Levites were distributed for their service at the Tent of Meeting and all of them had detailed commands for the days of service, for dismantling and assembly of the Tent of Meeting, for the order they had to follow as the people was moving from place to place. The Levites had to take place around the Tent of Meeting, they guarded it and serviced according to prescriptions.
The Sacred Tent
Kohathites had to be especially clean and they had to be very cautious
they were assigned to transfer sacred items from the Most Holy Place
and Holy Place.
When the camp is to move, Aaron and his sons are to go in and
take down the shielding curtain and cover the ark of the Testimony with
it. Then they are to cover this with hides of sea cows, spread a cloth
of solid blue over that and put the poles in place.
"Over the table of the Presence they are to spread a blue
cloth and put on it the plates, dishes and bowls, and the jars for drink
offerings; the bread that is continually there is to remain on it. Over
these they are to spread a scarlet cloth, cover that with hides of sea
cows and put its poles in place."
The next level of holy is represented by the items of the Holy Place. The blue material was used as the outer closing for the Ark, but it's internal covering for the items of the Holy Place, separating the holy items from the outer world. The table with bread offering is the next holy item in this order. All the other items positioned on the table including the bread offering belong to the next level of holy and they are put on blue material and they are covered by scarlet cover and thin skins. But bread offering and all the other items had to be placed on the table for the time of movement.
They are to take a blue cloth and cover the lampstand that is
for light, together with its lamps, its wick trimmers and trays, and all
its jars for the oil used to supply it. Then they are to wrap it and all
its accessories in a covering of hides of sea cows and put it on a carrying
The lampstand should burn all the time the Tent of Meeting is transferred. Though the table with the bread offering was regarded as more holy item, all the items for the lampstand including oil were holy (they were covered by blue cloth with the lampstand) unlike the items positioned on the table.
Over the gold altar they are to spread a blue cloth and cover
that with hides of sea cows and put its poles in place.
The gold altar and all the items on it were also covered by blue cloth and transferred with all the other items of the Tent of Meeting.
They are to take all the articles used for ministering in the
sanctuary, wrap them in a blue cloth, cover that with hides of sea cows
and put them on a carrying frame.
So, blue and red are the most characteristic colors of the Holy Place.
They are to remove the ashes from the bronze altar and spread
a purple cloth over it. Then they are to place on it all the utensils
used for ministering at the altar, including the firepans, meat forks,
shovels and sprinkling bowls. Over it they are to spread a covering of
hides of sea cows and put its poles in place.
The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and say
to them: 'If a man or woman wants to make a special vow, a vow of separation
to the LORD as a Nazirite, he must abstain from wine and other fermented
drink and must not drink vinegar made from wine or from other fermented
drink. He must not drink grape juice or eat grapes or raisins. As long
as he is a Nazirite, he must not eat anything that comes from the grapevine,
not even the seeds or skins.
At the LORD's command they encamped, and at the LORD's command
they set out. They obeyed the LORD's order, in accordance with his command
The Lord commanded Moses to make two silver trumpets to call the community
together, to encamp and to start the motion. The trumpets were used to
summon people for meetings, for new Moon Festivals, when Israelites made
burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. Only sons of Aaron, the priests,
could use the trumpets.
If you are faithful to the Lord and protects your people and your land, which was given to you by the Lord, you may always ask the Lord for help and you'll be given this help. But you must remember: the Lord can help only those who are moving to Him! If you are fighting on enemy's land and the Lord has brought you there, the Lord will help you, but if you came there without the Lord's command, all your attempts will be in vain.
Israeli people moving away from the mount of the Lord
On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year after the
exit of Israelites from Egypt the cloud rose over the Tabernacle and the
Israeli people set out away from the mount of the Lord.
The LORD became exceedingly angry, and Moses was troubled. He
asked the LORD, "Why have you brought this trouble on your servant?
What have I done to displease you that you put the burden of all these
people on me?
For many years Moses carried the heavy burden of responsibility before God for Israeli people and before the people for all the events that happened since the exit from Egypt. Moses was old and though he was as strong bodily as when he had started the way and his spirit was as high as it had used to be, the spiritual loneliness, the position of intermediary between the Lord and the people turned to be very hard for Moses.
The LORD said to Moses: "Bring me seventy of Israel's elders
who are known to you as leaders and officials among the people. Have them
come to the Tent of Meeting, that they may stand there with you. I will
come down and speak with you there, and I will take of the Spirit that
is on you and put the Spirit on them. They will help you carry the burden
of the people so that you will not have to carry it alone.
The Lord decided to partially relieve the spiritual loneliness of Moses
and distribute the responsibility for the people among the elders. The
Lord decided to raise spiritual power of elders and to make them close
to Moses to make them understand and share the concerns of Moses for the
people of Israel.
The spiritual condition of Moses was that high that he understood the wish of the Lord and his life was the life of service to God and to his people. The whole life of Moses was predetermined by the Lord. The complains against Moses were regarded as challenge to the Lord.
At once the LORD said to Moses, Aaron and Miriam, "Come
out to the Tent of Meeting, all three of you." So the three of them
came out. Then the LORD came down in a pillar of cloud; he stood at the
entrance to the Tent and summoned Aaron and Miriam. When both of them
stepped forward, he said, "Listen to my words: "When a prophet
of the LORD is among you,
The LORD said to Moses, "Send some men to explore the land
of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites. From each ancestral tribe
send one of its leaders."
All the Israelites grumbled against Moses and Aaron, and the
whole assembly said to them, "If only we had died in Egypt! Or in
this desert! Why is the LORD bringing us to this land only to let us fall
by the sword? Our wives and children will be taken as plunder. Wouldn't
it be better for us to go back to Egypt?" And they said to each other,
"We should choose a leader and go back to Egypt."
As Joshua, son of Nun, and Caleb, son of Jephunneh, tried to persuade
people the Israelites wanted to stone them. The Lord heard it and told
Moses that He would send plague and would create a new people for Moses,
more in number and stronger,
and Moses began to call the names of the Lord, that had been disclosed
to him on the Sinai mountain, and he pleaded for his people:
The preaching of Moses to the Lord was not a simple reiteration of names the Lord disclosed to Moses it was the revelation of Moses' soul, the man who spoke to God "face to face", and still Moses was related to his people.
The LORD replied, "I have forgiven them, as you asked.
Nevertheless, as surely as I live and as surely as the glory of the LORD
fills the whole earth, not one of the men who saw my glory and the miraculous
signs I performed in Egypt and in the desert but who disobeyed me and
tested me ten times not one of them will ever see the land I promised
on oath to their forefathers. No one who has treated me with contempt
will ever see it. But because my servant Caleb has a different spirit
and follows me wholeheartedly, I will bring him into the land he went
to, and his descendants will inherit it. Since the Amalekites and Canaanites
are living in the valleys, turn back tomorrow and set out toward the desert
along the route to the Red Sea."
So tell them, 'As surely as I live, declares the LORD, I will
do to you the very things I heard you say: In this desert your bodies
will fall-every one of you twenty years old or more who was counted in
the census and who has grumbled against me. Not one of you will enter
the land I swore with uplifted hand to make your home, except Caleb son
of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.
For the first time the anger of the Lord for the sins of parents turned upon the children, but this punishment was used as education for the new people it was impossible to grow up people from slaves brought away from Egypt. The Lord promised that Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun would be the only adults to see the promised land. The ten people who had been sent to explore the land and who made people grumble were the first to die. The attempt of the people to change the situation and to fight against Amalekites and Canaanites though Moses warned them not to do it brought defeat of Israelites and they suffered greatly. The Lord declared the punishment for the people, but at the same time the Lord confirmed the promise to give new land to people of Israel:
The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and say
to them: 'After you enter the land I am giving you as a home and you present
to the LORD offerings
The Lord gave the Israeli people "commandments, laws and decrees" on Sinai mountain. Those commandments, laws and decrees defined the life of the people for numerous centuries. The commandments given by the Lord made the fundament of the Covenant the Lord made with Israeli people, the commandments were made on tablets of stone, which were placed in Ark of the Testimony. Those tassels with blue cord would always be seen by the Israelites
You will have these tassels to look at and so you will remember
all the commands of the LORD, that you may obey them and not prostitute
yourselves by going after the lusts of your own hearts and eyes. Then
you will remember to obey all my commands and will be consecrated to your
God. I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt to be your God.
I am the LORD your God.' "
The Lord showed exactly that the animal desires and senses were the
basis of all sins, strong spirit was the main means to fight the animal
nature of man. Only the permanent ruling of the spirit in man could save
him against sins and make him consecrated to God.
The doubts created by the people who went to explore Canaan land, the punishment of the Lord and the expected wandering in the desert made people grumble. Some renowned Israelites used the situation and decided to rise up against Moses and Aaron, the chief priest. Some Levites guided by Korah and certain Reubenites-Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab, and On son of Peleth rose up against Moses and Aaron. They masked their intentions as the fight against the rule of Moses and Aaron, while in reality they wanted to grasp the power over the people and to change the goals for the people, which had left Egypt.
They came as a group to oppose Moses and Aaron and said to them,
"You have gone too far! The whole community is holy, every one of
them, and the LORD is with them. Why then do you set yourselves above
the LORD's assembly?"
Moses saw that a new riot was beginning, which could have led to death of Israeli people. Moses fell facedown and said:
"In the morning the LORD will show who belongs to him and
who is holy, and he will have that person come near him. The man he chooses
he will cause to come near him. You, Korah, and all your followers are
to do this: Take censers and tomorrow put fire and incense in them before
the LORD. The man the LORD chooses will be the one who is holy."
the glory of the LORD appeared to the entire assembly. The
LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "Separate yourselves from this assembly
so I can put an end to them at once."
But Moses preached to the Lord saying that only one man sinned and the Lord asked Moses to bring people away from the tents of Korah, Dathan and Abiram.
Moses got up and went to Dathan and Abiram, and the elders of
Israel followed him. He warned the assembly, "Move back from the
tents of these wicked men! Do not touch anything belonging to them, or
you will be swept away because of all their sins."
Moses said that the Lord had sent him for the Israeli people and the Lord would prove it. If they died by natural death it meant the Lord had not sent Moses.
As soon as he finished saying all this, the ground under them
split apart and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them, with their
households and all Korah's men and all their possessions. They went down
alive into the grave, with everything they owned; the earth closed over
them, and they perished and were gone from the community.
The death of a man given to him as a punishment may repent some of his sins, but the dreadful death of Korah and all his men was a warning to anyone who wanted to consciously oppose the Lord.
And fire came out from the LORD and consumed the 250 men who
were offering the incense.
The fire sent by the Lord burnt down people who came to offer the incense.
They violated the commandment: only sons of Aaron, the priests were allowed
to offer the incense. But those people came to the Lord and though they
were sinners their death was the sin offering and it made the censers
holy. Eleazar made everything as it was commanded by the Lord: the censers
were hammered out to overlay the altar as a sign to the Israelites. The
Israelites had to understand that only priests could make offering of
the incense before the Lord.
and the LORD said to Moses, "Get away from this assembly
so I can put an end to them at once." And they fell facedown. Then
Moses said to Aaron, "Take your censer and put incense in it, along
with fire from the altar, and hurry to the assembly to make atonement
for them. Wrath has come out from the LORD; the plague has started."
It was the twelfth time the people of Israel grumbled before the Lord
and was punished for it, while Moses and Aaron saved the people. Offering
incense was allowed only in the Tent of Meeting and only Moses could understand
that the incense could be done away from the Tent of Meeting to save the
people. Aaron followed the order of Moses, though in case of an error
he could die the priest was presenting the people before the Lord and
the Lord before the people. The life of a priest belonged to the Lord,
his death could have repented the sins of the people. Any priest knew
it and had to be prepared for it to be prepared to offer his life for
the sins of the people. As Aaron stood among the dead and alive the plague
stopped. When the Lord made the verdict saying the adults of Israeli people
had to die in the desert death became the payment for any sin done by
The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and get
twelve staffs from them, one from the leader of each of their ancestral
tribes. Write the name of each man on his staff. On the staff of Levi
write Aaron's name, for there must be one staff for the head of each ancestral
tribe. Place them in the Tent of Meeting in front of the Testimony, where
I meet with you. The staff belonging to the man I choose will sprout,
and I will rid myself of this constant grumbling against you by the Israelites."
Moses did as the Lord ordered him: he collected staffs and put them at the Ark of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting.
The next day Moses entered the Tent of the Testimony and saw
that Aaron's staff, which represented the house of Levi, had not only
sprouted but had budded, blossomed and produced almonds.
Moses brought the staffs and showed them to the people of Israel and each one took his staff.
The LORD said to Moses, "Put back Aaron's staff in front
of the Testimony, to be kept as a sign to the rebellious. This will put
an end to their grumbling against me, so that they will not die."
Moses did as the Lord ordered and he put the staff of Aaron in front of the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting. As the Israelites saw the sprouted staff of Aaron the rebellious feelings of the people stopped and the people of Israel comprehended their fate though they didn't want to believe in it even after the deeds of the Lord.
The Israelites said to Moses, "We will die! We are lost,
we are all lost! Anyone who even comes near the tabernacle of the LORD
will die. Are we all going to die?"
The LORD said to Aaron, "You will have no inheritance in
their land, nor will you have any share among them; I am your share and
your inheritance among the Israelites.
The Lord gave Moses and Aaron commands how to cleanse people who touched
dead body they had to use the ash of red heifer.
The LORD said to Moses, "Take the staff, and you and your
brother Aaron gather the assembly together. Speak to that rock before
their eyes and it will pour out its water. You will bring water out of
the rock for the community so they and their livestock can drink."
People of Israel came the desert of Sin as they left Egypt. At that
time people asked for meat and bread. Now they were asking for water.
Despite the rebellious nature the people of Israel had changed spiritually
during the forty years they spent in deserts. Previous time the Lord asked
Moses to take only some elders of Israeli people (as the unfaithful people
would have only interfered). The Lord told Moses that He would be on the
rock and Moses would strike the rock with the staff and the water would
But the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "Because you did not
trust in me enough to honor me as holy in the sight of the Israelites,
you will not bring this community into the land I give them."
Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom asking his permission to cross his country as Edom was inhabited by the descendants of Esau, brother of Jacob. Moses described the life of Israeli people in Egypt, he described how the Lord brought the Israelites from Egypt and he asked the permission to cross Edom by the straight road (king's road) giving the promise to pay even for water. But Edom didn't allow the Israelites to cross his country and he sent big army to fight the people of Israel. The Israelites had to leave Kadesh and went to Mount Hor.
At Mount Hor, near the border of Edom, the LORD said to Moses
and Aaron, "Aaron will be gathered to his people. He will not enter
the land I give the Israelites, because both of you rebelled against my
command at the waters of Meribah. Get Aaron and his son Eleazar and take
them up Mount Hor. Remove Aaron's garments and put them on his son Eleazar,
for Aaron will be gathered to his people; he will die there."
The chief priest of Israel, Aaron, had huge spiritual gift, which was
the fundament of his prophetic vision. As the Lord called him for service
Aaron went to service the Lord without complaint and listen to orders
of the Lord and of Moses. He was prepared to save his people and preach
to the Lord for repentance.
They traveled from Mount Hor along the route to the Red Sea, to go around
Edom. But the people grew impatient on the way; they spoke against God
and against Moses, and said, "Why have you brought us up out of Egypt
to die in the desert? There is no bread! There is no water! And we detest
this miserable food!"
Israeli people wandered numerous years in the desert and each sin and
each time they grumbled the Lord punished those who was left after the
exit from Egypt. The young generation, which grew up in the desert didn't
know the benefits of civilization and humbly accepted the wish of the
Lord. The elder generation also understood the glory of the Lord and began
to accept their errors and to repent.
The bronze snake was very risky for the people as it allowed people to
worship a snake. The snake was destroyed at the time of Ezekiah. The story
about bronze snake was mentioned in the Holy Script for the future as
it was the direct message of the Lord to Christians.
As Israelites set their camp at Jordan river Moab got terrified when
learned about the fate of Amorites. Moabites invited the elders of Midian.
Balak son of Zippor, who was king of Moab, decided to apply the services
of Balaam, magus and prophet, to weaken the Israelites and then to force
them away from his land. Balak sent his messengers to Balaam:
Balak knew the vanity and greediness of Balaam and he sent elders of
Moab and Midian to him with rich gifts. Balaam accepted the gifts and
left them for the night saying he had to find out the wish of the Lord.
At night time as Balaam slept the Lord tested him asking "Who are
these men with you?" As Balaam told the story the Lord said he should
not come with them:
In the morning Balaam refused to go with the messengers telling them
the wish of the Lord.
He left them for the night time in hope the wish of the Lord would change.
But the Lord again appeared to Balaam in his dream and allowed Balaam
to go with the messengers, but to do what the Lord would tell him. In
the morning Balaam sat on a donkey and went with the messengers. We may
assume that the Lord saw the unlimited desire of Balak to hurt Israeli
people as well as secret desire of Balaam to get the money and the Lord
decided to use His power to reason Balak and to give the other one a chance
to return to righteous way.
The Angel said knowing that Balaam still had a hope that the Lord would change His attitude towards Israel.
"The donkey saw me and turned away from me these three times.
If she had not turned away, I would certainly have killed you by now,
but I would have spared her."
The donkey had the prophetic vision and it knew that the Angel didn't threaten it, but there was a threat for the owner of the donkey. The Angel tried to tell Balaam that the donkey serviced its owner better than Balaam serviced to God.
Balaam said to the angel of the LORD, "I have sinned. I
did not realize you were standing in the road to oppose me. Now if you
are displeased, I will go back."
Balaam tried to demonstrate that he didn't understand the intentions
of the Angel. He confessed that he had been wrong beating the donkey.
The Angel warned Balaam one more time telling him he had to say only what
the Lord would tell him.
God met with him, and Balaam said, "I have prepared seven
altars, and on each altar I have offered a bull and a ram." The LORD
put a message in Balaam's mouth and said, "Go back to Balak and give
him this message."
In all cases as Balaam met the God he behaved as if he met a man: Balaam made rich offerings (from the human point of view) and he tells about the offering to God in an attempt to find favor in the eyes of the Lord. With the Lord's Spirit he returned back to Balak and princes of Moab and said that he would not be able to oppose the wish of the Lord as the Lord protected the people of Israel.
From the rocky peaks I see them, from the heights I view them.
The people of Israel "lived apart and did not consider themselves one of the nations" as the people of the Lord should not live according to natural historical development. This people created by the Lord from one man would have disappeared from the face of earth if not the Lord assisted the people. All the plagues and tests sent to Israelites were aimed to purify the nation, to strengthen the unity and spiritual position of the people. This nation lived apart, i.e. this nation differed from other heathen nations by spiritual stance. Being obsessed by the Spirit Balaam talked with praise about Israel people and about the future of that people:
Let me die the death of the righteous, and may my end be like
He brought him to other place in hope Balaam would curse the Israelites. But at the new place as they made seven altars and made the burnt offerings the Lord told Balaam His wish and Balaam said:
God is not a man, that he should lie, nor a son of man, that
he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise
and not fulfill? I have received a command to bless; he has blessed, and
I cannot change it.
The Lord through Balaam told Balak and Balaam that their secret hopes
for the change of the Lord's attitude to Israel were in vain. The words
of the Lord blessing the people of Israel would be unchanged.
Balak brought Balaam to the third hill in hope "it would please
the God and Balaam would curse the people of Israel". They created
altars anew and made burnt offerings. Balaam gave up to the wish of the
Lord. The Spirit of God came upon him and he spoke in excitement:
Balak was angry with Balaam and he asked him to go away, but Balaam stopped him and told him the future of Moab:
"I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A
star will come out of Jacob; a scepter will rise out of Israel. He will
crush the foreheads of Moab, the skulls of all the sons of Sheth. Edom
will be conquered; Seir, his enemy, will be conquered, but Israel will
grow strong. A ruler will come out of Jacob and destroy the survivors
of the city."
He told the future of Amalek and Kenites and went back home.
Once an Israelite man brought to his family a Midianite woman. When Phinehas son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the priest, saw this, he took a spear in his hand and followed the Israelite into the tent. He drove the spear through both of them through the Israelite and into the woman's body. Then the plague against the Israelites was stopped and the Lord told Moses:
The LORD said to Moses, "Phinehas son of Eleazar, the son
of Aaron, the priest, has turned my anger away from the Israelites; for
he was as zealous as I am for my honor among them, so that in my zeal
I did not put an end to them. Therefore tell him I am making my covenant
of peace with him. He and his descendants will have a covenant of a lasting
priesthood, because he was zealous for the honor of his God and made atonement
for the Israelites."
In total 24,000 Israelites died of plague before Phinehas put an end
to the plague.
These are the ones counted by Moses and Eleazar the priest when
they counted the Israelites on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across
from Jericho. Not one of them was among those counted by Moses and Aaron
the priest when they counted the Israelites in the Desert of Sinai. For
the LORD had told those Israelites they would surely die in the desert,
and not one of them was left except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua
son of Nun.
The commandment of the Lord was fulfilled and all the people aged from twenty years and over who had left Egypt died except Caleb and Joshua as they were not confused by the sins before the Lord. The new generation which grew up in desert didn't know slavery and heathenism obeyed the Lord.
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go up this mountain in the
Abarim range and see the land I have given the Israelites. After you have
seen it, you too will be gathered to your people, as your brother Aaron
was, for when the community rebelled at the waters in the Desert of Zin,
both of you disobeyed my command to honor me as holy before their eyes."
It's said in the Book of Deuteronomy that Moses preached to the Lord to allow him to go to new land, but the Lord refused and the Lord confirmed the above decision.
Moses said to the LORD , "May the LORD , the God of the
spirits of all mankind, appoint a man over this community to go out and
come in before them, one who will lead them out and bring them in, so
the LORD's people will not be like sheep without a shepherd."
Moses humbly accepted the wish of the Lord and he had only one request to put a leader and a father for the people of Israel, to create a good successor to Moses, who would not only lead the people, but would be a good shepherd for the sheep of Israel. The glory of the real righteous man was unveiled in true desire to spiritually educate the people and to make the people come closer to God. The last desire of Moses to continue that education of people after his death.
So the LORD said to Moses, "Take Joshua son of Nun, a man
in whom is the spirit, and lay your hand on him. Have him stand before
Eleazar the priest and the entire assembly and commission him in their
presence. Give him some of your authority so the whole Israelite community
will obey him. He is to stand before Eleazar the priest, who will obtain
decisions for him by inquiring of the Urim before the LORD. At his command
he and the entire community of the Israelites will go out, and at his
command they will come in."
Moses did as the LORD commanded him. He took Joshua and had
him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole assembly. Then he laid
his hands on him and commissioned him, as the LORD instructed through
The Lord gave Moses orders about regular offerings, Sabbath offerings and Monthly offerings, the Lord gave Moses commands about sacramental meetings and vows for the people of Israel as the Israeli community was to reach the promised land. The older generation, which was brought from Egypt and was inclined to worship heathen gods the spiritual positions of Israeli people improved. According to the changes in spiritual mood of Israelites the Lord gave new instructions about offerings. The Lord gave commands about spiritual offerings vows and pledges to be given by women and their dependence upon their fathers or husbands.
The LORD said to Moses, "Take vengeance on the Midianites
for the Israelites. After that, you will be gathered to your people."
A thousand men from each Israeli tribe went for war. The army was led
by Phinehas son of Eleazar, who took with him articles from the sanctuary
and the trumpets for signaling. All Midian men were killed in that war,
including five kings, their wives, children and property was captured.
As the army with the capture came to the Israeli community Moses went
out. Moses was angry with the army officers, he ordered to kill all the
boys and every woman who had slept with a man, but save every girl who
has never slept with a man. And then he ordered them to clear with water
and stay seven days away from the camp. The captured goods were distributed
on wish of the Lord among all those fighting and the rest of Israeli community.
As they numbered those fighting against Midians they found out that not
a soldier had died. The officers and the soldiers took all gold and brought
it "to make atonement for themselves before the LORD". The Reubenites
and Gadites saw that the land was good to keep flocks applied to Moses
and asked him to give them the land promising they would fight with all
the other tribes for their lands. Moses gave his approval and ordered
Eleazar the priest and Joshua, son of Nun to give the land to the Reubenites
These are the commands and regulations the LORD gave through
Moses to the Israelites on the plains of Moab by the Jordan across from
|The First Gospel|