Revelation - 2000

The fifth book of Moses: Deuteronomy



In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses proclaimed to the Israelites all that the LORD had commanded him concerning them.
(Deut., 1, 3)

Before ending his life Moses discloses step by step the complete spiritual way the people of Israel made with the Lord as it left Egypt. Moses told the Israeli people the commands the Lord had told Moses in His last words. Moses along with Israeli people made a long spiritual way, which had never been done by any person – neither before him, nor after him. Moses looked back and being spiritual father and teacher tried to show the experience he had and to demonstrate the errors the people had made, warning about future errors and prophesizing the future of the Israeli people.
The Lord ordered the people of Israel at Horeb to conquer new land saying "… I have given you this land…" But Moses complained he was tired to rule the large nation and Israelites appointed the leading men to rule the tribes and to judge the people. The fundaments of righteous judgment were created at the time, and all the laws were applicable to all: Israelites and aliens, chiefs, principals and priests. But why did Moses begin his last speech before the people starting with just judgment, but not with laws and commandments of the Lord? Moses could foresee the future and he knew the Lord would turn away from the people of Israel, which lost justice and mercy, while the future of mankind would depend upon justice and mercy for the time of the Judgment Day.
The Lord brought the people of Israel to the borders of the lands, which He would give them. "Go up and take possession of it as the LORD, the God of your fathers, told you. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged."
But the people decided to send spies and they appointed spies from the leaders of the tribes and they went there and brought back good fruit from the land saying it was good. But the people refused to take the land as the spies said the land was inhabited by tall and strong men, who were good soldiers. The people would not believe in power of God, though the God made so many miracles for Israeli people. All the attempts of Moses to persuade the people were in vain.

When the LORD heard what you said, he was angry and solemnly swore: "Not a man of this evil generation shall see the good land I swore to give your forefathers…"
(Deut., 1, 34-35)
Because of you the LORD became angry with me also and said, "You shall not enter it, either.
(Deut., 1, 37)

The people of Israel left for forty years long wandering in the desert, but the Lord was with the people:

The LORD your God has blessed you in all the work of your hands. He has watched over your journey through this vast desert. These forty years the LORD your God has been with you, and you have not lacked anything.
(Deut., 2, 7)

The Israeli community passed by their brothers, the descendants of Esau, Moab and other peoples.

Thirty-eight years passed from the time we left Kadesh Barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley. By then, that entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them. The LORD's hand was against them until he had completely eliminated them from the camp.
(Deut., 2, 14-15)

The people of Israel passed through the lands of Ammonites, the lands of sons of Lot and they came to the lands of Amorites. And the Lord told Moses:

"Set out now and cross the Arnon Gorge. See, I have given into your hand Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and his country. Begin to take possession of it and engage him in battle.
(Deut., 2, 24)

The Lord gave Sihon and "all his sons and all his army", and all the lands of Amorites into hands of Israel people and then the Lord gave them Og king of Bashan. And Moses said to Joshua, son of Nun: "You have seen with your own eyes all that the LORD your God has done to these two kings. The LORD will do the same to all the kingdoms over there where you are going".

At that time I pleaded with the LORD : "O Sovereign LORD, you have begun to show to your servant your greatness and your strong hand. For what god is there in heaven or on earth who can do the deeds and mighty works you do? Let me go over and see the good land beyond the Jordan-that fine hill country and Lebanon." But because of you the LORD was angry with me and would not listen to me. "That is enough," the LORD said. "Do not speak to me anymore about this matter.
(Deut., 3, 23-26)

The key moments of lives and fates of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as well as the life of Moses were defined not only by their deeds during the time of their lives, but by the fact of their lives chosen by the Lord. They had to meet the requirements of the future spiritual leaders and they were anticipating them. The past, the present and the future are interconnected. The lives of Moses and Aaron were defined not only by errors they made, they showed combined the past and the future of mankind on wish of the Lord.
Moses told the story how Israeli people got the land beyond Jordan river and allocated the land for tribes of Reubenites, Gadites and Manassites. The camp was put near Beth Peor. Moses started to speak about law, commandments and decrees given to Israeli people by the Lord.

Hear now, O Israel, the decrees and laws I am about to teach you. Follow them so that you may live and may go in and take possession of the land that the LORD, the God of your fathers, is giving you. Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it, but keep the commands of the LORD your God that I give you.
(Deut., 4, 1-2)

We may note the order of the Lord's commandments. The Lord gave the following order: commandments, laws and decrees. But Moses used another order: decrees, laws and commandments, as the man applied the order natural for man as he was moving towards the Lord. The difference of order chosen by man and the Lord proves that the sequence is of great importance. The three entrances between the four posts supporting the curtain at the courtyard (if looked from the Most Holy Place) are equal to commandments, laws and decrees (from left to right). As the man is moving toward the Lord the order is different.

See, I have taught you decrees and laws as the LORD my God commanded me, so that you may follow them in the land you are entering to take possession of it. Observe them carefully, for this will show your wisdom and understanding to the nations, who will hear about all these decrees and say, "Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people."
(Deut., 4, 5-6)

Moses asked people "to save their souls not to forget those deeds", which the Lord did before them. Moses reminded people how they stood at the Horeb

Then the LORD spoke to you out of the fire. You heard the sound of words but saw no form; there was only a voice. He declared to you his covenant, the Ten Commandments, which he commanded you to follow and then wrote them on two stone tablets.
(Deut., 4, 12-13)

The Lord declared the ten commandments to the people of Israel. The Lord Himself declared all the commandments to all the people standing at the foot of the mountain. Moses once again repeated that people couldn't see the form of the Lord as Moses knew the weak nature of people, who were inclined to worship any image of God.

You saw no form of any kind the day the LORD spoke to you at Horeb out of the fire. Therefore watch yourselves very carefully, so that you do not become corrupt and make for yourselves an idol, an image of any shape, whether formed like a man or a woman…
(Deut., 4, 15-16)

Moses said it one more time that worshipping any image was the violation of the covenant with the Lord, it undermined the relations of Israeli people to God.

The LORD our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. It was not with our fathers that the LORD made this covenant, but with us, with all of us who are alive here today. The LORD spoke to you face to face out of the fire on the mountain. At that time I stood between the LORD and you to declare to you the word of the LORD, because you were afraid of the fire and did not go up the mountain.
(Deut., 5, 2-5)

Moses said the Lord made the covenant not only with each individual person, but with all Israeli people. The people were alive and they had to remember it despite the fact that people died and new people were born, who had not partaken in those events.

The LORD heard you when you spoke to me and the LORD said to me, "I have heard what this people said to you. Everything they said was good. Oh, that their hearts would be inclined to fear me and keep all my commands always, so that it might go well with them and their children forever!
(Deut., 5, 28-29)

The Lord said that any time a man committed a sin there was a hope for the last resort, which was in man's soul: the fear of the Lord God. The fear of the Lord could be a remedy to heal any sinful soul. The Lord would be your Teacher if you try to come towards the Lord, the Lord will guide you and learning the Lord you will unveil the truth about His Glory and His Greatness.

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength.
(Deut., 6, 4-5)

It's the basic idea of relations to the Lord, the basic criteria for the righteous Way of Return: as the man gains closer spiritual positions to the Lord he increasingly comprehends the unity of the Lord. And vice versa, if the Image of the Lord is split into a number of images and people are inclined to attribute the Lord's qualities to all those images, it means the people are going along the wrong way away from God. It should be noted that census of Israeli people was carried only on command of the Lord, but speaking about the Lord the word unified instead the word "one" should be applied.

When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations-the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, seven nations larger and stronger than you…
(Deut., 7, 1)

It was noted that number seven, which was equal to seven days of Creation, is a kind of period in Holy Script depicting either very good or very bad qualities. The seven peoples the Lord used to tell about Abraham degraded spiritually and they reached the lowest level of heathenism making human offerings. They were condemned for extermination and for banishment from their lands. Moses told the people the command of the Lord not to make a union with those people, not to take their women as it was required to save the Israeli people. When Israelites came to the promised land they had to clean it: to destroy the altars, to eliminate post and to cut of the sacred woods, to burn down alien gods.

If you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them, then the LORD your God will keep his covenant of love with you, as he swore to your forefathers. He will love you and bless you and increase your numbers. He will bless the fruit of your womb, the crops of your land-your grain, new wine and oil-the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks in the land that he swore to your forefathers to give you.
(Deut., 7, 12-13)

Listening means accepting and keeping means remembering: nothing should be added or deducted. Those commandments should be followed and used as a guidance in life. The Lord ordered to keep the commandments and mercy. This commandment shows the values of man's relations to God. There are no other most important relations as the love of the Lord to man and the love of man to the Lord. But these relations can be established as people listen, keep and follow the laws given to them by the Lord. And they do it with sincere desire and open heart. The Lord blesses these people in all their deeds, the Lord gives numerous descendants and will bless them. As the children are blessed the Lord blessed the fruit of the land, as the vegetable world is more important than the animal world. The fruit of the land produces bread, wine and oil – all these items are brought to the Holy Place. Then the Lord blesses the fruit of the animal world: the calves of herds and the lambs of flocks.
Moses told the Israelites that following the commandments of the Lord would allow them to live, to take the promised land and to make the life of the people flourishing.

Remember how the LORD your God led you all the way in the desert these forty years, to humble you and to test you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commands. He humbled you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna, which neither you nor your fathers had known, to teach you that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD. Your clothes did not wear out and your feet did not swell during these forty years. Know then in your heart that as a man disciplines his son, so the LORD your God disciplines you.
(Deut., 8, 2-5)

Moses called the Israelites to remember the way they passed to understand their mistakes not to allow those mistake happen in the future. The Lord taught the people forty years, the Lord taught the Israelites as they were separated from other peoples. The Lord disciplined His people making it humble and creating the unity of the people. What was the meaning of those trials sent for the whole people in forty years? The people had to remember the word of the Lord, to submit to His wish and to carry the truth about the Way of Return in thousands of years without any additions or deductions. The people had to start to go along the Way of Return and to become the keeper of the Lord's commandments. If the word of the Lord was so important for man as bread the future of the people had to be defined by the spiritual position of the people.

After the LORD your God has driven them out before you, do not say to yourself, "The LORD has brought me here to take possession of this land because of my righteousness." No, it is on account of the wickedness of these nations that the LORD is going to drive them out before you. It is not because of your righteousness or your integrity that you are going in to take possession of their land; but on account of the wickedness of these nations, the LORD your God will drive them out before you, to accomplish what he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
(Deut., 9, 4-5)

Moses warned that the people of Israel had not deserved that land, he said it to show the Israelites not to become proud of their deeds in the future as it was not the merit of the Israeli people but it was the guilt of other peoples living in that land. The people of Israel was "hardhearted", it always opposed the Lord starting from the exit from Egypt and the Lord wanted to destroy that people many times. We may note that people of Israel was created to bring the Truth into the future, but the goal was not to punish heathen nations which began to make human offerings. The Lord used to tell Moses He would destroy the Israeli people and create a new people from Moses. The Lord promised to create stronger people as the Lord was frustrated with the Israeli people who had to carry the mission. It was not a matter of time for the Lord.
The disobedience of the people, the influence of the neighboring peoples, and the constant complains proved that the Israelites had no fear of the Lord despite all the showings of the Lord's power they had witnessed. That spiritual opposition of the people to the Lord had negative impact upon Moses and Aaron especially at the time the Israelites committed the sin and made the golden calf and Aaron didn't stop them.

And the LORD was angry enough with Aaron to destroy him, but at that time I prayed for Aaron too.
(Deut. 9, 20)

The other time the people would not trust the Lord and refused to go and to take the land the Lord was giving to Israelites. Moses again had to preach to the Lord asking Him to forgive the people. The people was condemned to wander in desert numerous years.

And now, O Israel, what does the LORD your God ask of you but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, and to observe the LORD's commands and decrees that I am giving you today for your own good?
(Deut., 10, 12-13)

The Lord created the Israeli people for assigned service. Still the relation of the Lord to His people depends upon the commitment of the Israeli people, the obedience to follow all the commands of the Lord.

Circumcise your hearts, therefore, and do not be stiff-necked any longer. For the LORD your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who shows no partiality and accepts no bribes. He defends the cause of the fatherless and the widow, and loves the alien, giving him food and clothing.
(Deut., 10, 16-18)
Love the LORD your God and keep his requirements, his decrees, his laws and his commands always.
(Deut., 11, 1)

Moses again repeated the necessary conditions for life and prosperity of the people: the Israelites had to follow the commands of the Lord. People had to follow all the decrees, laws and commandments – the sequence given for man moving towards the Lord.

See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse – the blessing if you obey the commands of the LORD your God that I am giving you today; the curse if you disobey the commands of the LORD your God and turn from the way that I command you today by following other gods, which you have not known.
(Deut., 11, 26-28)

As the people of Israel crossed the new lands from two mountains they would be followed by the blessing and the curse, so the people would remember it and select the ways of the Lord. It would allow the Israelites to avoid the curse as they turned from the way the Lord commanded them. The people of Israel would move to the west and would pass the woods of Moreh where Abraham lived, to the promised land. On their way to the new land they would find numerous places where the local nations worshipped idols.

You must not worship the LORD your God in their way. But you are to seek the place the LORD your God will choose from among all your tribes to put his Name there for his dwelling. To that place you must go; there bring your burnt offerings and sacrifices, your tithes and special gifts, what you have vowed to give and your freewill offerings, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks.

As the people came to the new land they would capture wide territory. The Lord would select the only place for His dwelling as it used to be while the Israelites wandered in the desert. The people had to worship the Lord only at that place and bring Him the offerings, special gifts and vows. On order of the Lord Moses commanded the people to destroy all the places on the high mountains and on the hills, break down the altars, smash the sacred stones and burn the poles in the fire, cut down the idols. The land should be cleaned and the past of that land should be wiped from the memory of Israeli people.

Be careful not to sacrifice your burnt offerings anywhere you please. Offer them only at the place the LORD will choose in one of your tribes, and there observe everything I command you.
(Deut., 12, 13-14)

Moses gave the commands of the Lord about the tithe and offerings, he warned about the inclination for worshipping alien gods in the new land and about the punishment if the people turned away from the Lord and started to worship other gods. Moses paid special attention to justice and mercy – Israeli people had always to remember it, to follow the command of the Lord to forgive the debts and to release the Hebrews servants on the seventh year.
Moses repeated the commands of the Lord about the Passover, feast of Weeks and feast of Tabernacles. Moses reminded all the men that they should appear before the Lord with gifts. And the Lord told Moses:

I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.
(Deut. 18, 18-19)

It was the only time the Lord said He would send a prophet like Moses, i.e. the prophet would be a man and he would fulfill the same mission: he would open the people the way to new spiritual stage. It's clear that those words of the Lord were said about Jesus Christ.
The Lord gave a simple method to differentiate a true prophet from a false one: if the prophet presumed to say a word on behalf of the Lord and it would not come true – the prophet was not sent by the Lord and he had to be put to death.
Moses gave the command about those who could enter the assembly of the Lord. No one born in a forbidden marriage, nor any of his descendants could enter the assembly of the LORD, even down to the tenth generation, no Ammonite or Moabite as they applied to Balaam for the assistance to curse the Israelites. Edomites and Egyptians could enter the assembly of the Lord: the third generation of children born to them could enter the assembly of the LORD. Thus the spiritual development of Israeli people had good impact upon the other peoples that had relation to Israelites.

You have declared this day that the LORD is your God and that you will walk in his ways, that you will keep his decrees, commands and laws, and that you will obey him.
(Deut., 26, 17)

The meaning of the covenant with the Lord is unveiled in these words. The people of Israel made the covenant with the Lord, the people was obliged to follow the teaching of the Lord represented by decrees, laws and commands. The people had to listen to the Lord and the Lord would deliver His word through Moses, priests or through prophets.
This part of the Lord's address to the people of Israel through Moses deserves more detailed examination:

Hear now, O Israel, the decrees and laws I am about to teach you. Follow them so that you may live…
(Deut., 4, 1)

Moses began his address to people from the most important commands (follow them so that you may live…): the command was to follow. Moses cited the decrees and the laws and then he mentioned the commandments.
Observe them carefully, for this will show your wisdom and understanding to the nations…
(Deut., 4, 6)
Therefore, take care to follow the commands, decrees and laws I give you today. If you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them, then the LORD your God will keep his covenant of love with you…
(Deut., 7, 11-12)

If the people of Israel followed to the full extent, keep and understand the Teaching given by the Lord, the Lord would give His mercy to the people of Israel to the full extent of His power. One more provision was added, it was of higher level:

If you fully obey the LORD your God and carefully follow all his commands I give you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations on earth. All these blessings will come upon you and accompany you if you obey the LORD your God…
(Deut., 28, 1-2)

I.e. in future as the spiritual position of the people reaches the prescribed height and people are guided by their spiritual laws, which are based on commandments and voice of the Lord God, the necessity in decrees and laws will be unnecessary. The voice of the Lord God is understood in two meanings: the word of the Lord given through the prophets and the direct comprehension by the Lord of the deeds and words of men.

Moses gave the people numerous commands given by the Lord.

On the same day Moses commanded the people: When you have crossed the Jordan, these tribes shall stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph and Benjamin. And these tribes shall stand on Mount Ebal to pronounce curses: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan and Naphtali.
(Deut., 27, 11-13)

The last words of the curses from the mount Ebal were as following:

Cursed is the man who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out.
(Deut., 27, 26)

If the people of Israel followed the ways of the Lord and followed the decrees, laws and commands of the Lord in the new land, the Lord would put the Israeli people above all other nations and it would get all the blessings: in any place the Israeli people would be blessed before all other peoples getting the fruit of the land, being prosperous and being strong to the enemies.

So Moses wrote down this law and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and to all the elders of Israel.
(Deut., 31, 9)

The LORD said to Moses, "Now the day of your death is near. Call Joshua and present yourselves at the Tent of Meeting, where I will commission him." So Moses and Joshua came and presented themselves at the Tent of Meeting.
Then the LORD appeared at the Tent in a pillar of cloud, and the cloud stood over the entrance to the Tent. And the LORD said to Moses: "You are going to rest with your fathers, and these people will soon prostitute themselves to the foreign gods of the land they are entering. They will forsake me and break the covenant I made with them. On that day I will become angry with them and forsake them; I will hide my face from them, and they will be destroyed. Many disasters and difficulties will come upon them, and on that day they will ask, 'Have not these disasters come upon us because our God is not with us?' And I will certainly hide my face on that day because of all their wickedness in turning to other gods.
(Deut., 31, 14-18)

The Lord gave Moses the words of the song about the future of Israel and ordered Moses to teach that song to the people as it would be the witness against the sons of Israel when they left their God in future.

After Moses finished writing in a book the words of this law from beginning to end, he gave this command to the Levites who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD: "Take this Book of the Law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God. There it will remain as a witness against you.
(Deut., 31, 24-26)

Time would pass and the Israelites would turn away from the Lord, Who gave them the land and they would follow other gods. The Lord would forget them and His anger would be aimed at them:

"See now that I myself am He! There is no god besides me.
I put to death and I bring to life, I have wounded and I will heal, and no one can deliver out of my hand. I lift my hand to heaven and declare: As surely as I live forever…
(Deut., 32, 39-40)

And Moses said to the people of Israel:

"Take to heart all the words I have solemnly declared to you this day, so that you may command your children to obey carefully all the words of this law. They are not just idle words for you-they are your life. By them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess."
On that same day the LORD told Moses, "Go up into the Abarim Range to Mount Nebo in Moab, across from Jericho, and view Canaan, the land I am giving the Israelites as their own possession. There on the mountain that you have climbed you will die and be gathered to your people, just as your brother Aaron died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people. This is because both of you broke faith with me in the presence of the Israelites at the waters of Meribah Kadesh in the Desert of Zin and because you did not uphold my holiness among the Israelites.
(Deut., 32, 46-51)

Moses blessed the Israeli people, he blessed each tribe from Reuben to Asher. That was the beginning of his blessing:

He said: "The LORD came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir;
he shone forth from Mount Paran. He came with myriads of holy ones from the south, from his mountain slopes.
(Deut., 33, 2)

Before his death Moses pronounced the words directed not only for the people of Israel, but for the mankind. The Lord appeared to people on Sinai mount for the first time. The Lord gave the commandments, laws and decrees to Israeli people. The second stage of the Return was related to the name of Jesus Christ as the Lord showed the way to a new spiritual stage not only to Israelites, but to heathens. Esau, brother of Jacob, was the symbol of the heathens, he lived at Seir mount. The return of the heathens to the Lord was proclaimed in the Book of Genesis a thousand and a half years prior to the advent of Jesus Christ. Moses proclaimed that Ishmael descendants, living in Paran desert, would be entered to the assembly of the Lord. Those were the three flocks, which expected Jacob at the well as he went to Laban.

Then Moses climbed Mount Nebo from the plains of Moab to the top of Pisgah, across from Jericho. There the LORD showed him the whole land… Then the LORD said to him, "This is the land I promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob when I said, 'I will give it to your descendants.' I have let you see it with your eyes, but you will not cross over into it."
And Moses the servant of the LORD died there in Moab, as the LORD had said. He buried him in Moab, in the valley opposite Beth Peor, but to this day no one knows where his grave is.
(Deut., 34, 1-6)





The First Gospel  
  • The fifth book of Moses: Deuteronomy